National Anti-Corruption Strategy


Following a recommendation by the National Anti-Corruption Strategy (NACS), the President of South Africa, Mr. Cyril Ramaphosa on the 28 August 2022 appointed the National Anti-Corruption Advisory Council (NACAC).

This multi-sectoral advisory body was established with a primary purpose of being an advisory body to monitor the implementation of the Strategy. It is anticipated, through the successful implementation of the Strategy, that the end result will be significantly reduced levels of corruption and improved investor and public confidence in South Africa. Objective measures such as better audit outcomes for state institutions, improved ratings in the corruption perception index, reduction in illicit financial flows and citizen trust in institutions, will serve as some of the indicators of progress in this regard. This entails an all of society effort, with government, business and civil society working together.

The following will be the functions of the NACAC:

  1. Advise on the effective implementation of the Strategy by government, civil society and the private sector
  2. Advise key role-players on the overarching thrust of the Strategy, namely the six pillars upon which it is premised
  3. Advise on strengthening of South Africa’s anti-corruption architecture
  4. Host the national anti-corruption summit(s), bringing together government, civil society, business, and academia, to set the country’s anti-corruption agenda and evaluate progress in the implementation of the Strategy; and
  5. Advise on public awareness about corruption in all its facets.


  • The NACAC is composed of the following Nine members who will serve a three-year term from 1 September 2022 are:
    1. Ms Kavisha Pillay
    2. Mr David Harris Lewis
    3. Mr Nkosana Dolopi
    4. Ms Barbara Schreiner
    5. Adv. Nokuzula Gloria Khumalo
    6. Professor Firoz Cachalia (Chair)
    7. Mx Sekoetlane Phamodi
    8. Ms Thandeka Gqubule-Mbeki
    9. Inkosikazi Nomandla Dorothy Mhlauli (Deputy Chair)
  • The members are broadly reflective of South African society and with its membership drawn from the following sectors: government, civil society, business, labour, and academia.
  • These nine NACAC members are senior representatives of all sectors and are subject matter experts in their respective fields.
  • Areas of expertise of NACAC members are procurement, public service, criminal justice, private sector and civil society.


  • The NACAC is supported by a full-time dedicated Secretariat established by the Presidency and supported by the Department of Justice and Constitutional Development and other implementing departments, as required, to facilitate the execution of the NACAC’s mandate.
  • The NACAC’s Secretariat is comprised of government officials, and through secondments based on identified needs, for the duration of the tenure of the NACAC, as well as such temporary staff that may be hired.


The following six strategic pillars constitute the key components of this strategy

Active Citizenry

Promote and encourage active citizenry, whistleblowing, integrity and transparency in all spheres of society.

Advance the professionalisation

Advance the professionalisation of employees to optimise their contribution to create corruptionfree workplaces.

Enhance governance

Enhance governance, oversight and accountability in organisations in all sectors.


Improve the integrity, transparency and credibility of the public procurement system.

Strengthen the resourcing, coordination

Strengthen the resourcing, coordination, transnational cooperation, performance, accountability and independence of dedicated anti-corruption agencies.

Protect vulnerable

Protect vulnerable sectors that are most prone to corruption and unethical practices with effective risk management.

The strategy is supported by a detailed implementation plan to facilitate the effective implementation of each of the strategic pillars. The implementation plan for each pillar consists of programmes to be undertaken in the short, medium and long term. Key outcomes for the achievement of each pillar are outlined, as well as possible risk factors that can undermine progress and ways in which these can be mitigated to decrease their negative effects.

The successful implementation of the strategy requires Parliament, all elected representatives, all organs of state, state institutions supporting constitutional democracy, civil society and the private sector to work in a collaborative and coordinated manner with relevant oversight and accountability. Coordination of an issue so complex and diverse always poses challenges, as parties may have vested interests and/or may prefer the status quo. It is proposed that the strategy should be championed by the President, supported by the social compact already established through the NEDLAC. Participation by the whole-of-society and all sectors is one of the fundamentals of the strategy. The strategy was developed in consultation with representatives from all sectors and will therefore also require implementation by all.



This strategy says we must roll up our sleeves, act now and end the corruption that threatens the legacy that we will pass on to future generations. Working together, we can and will succeed.

Corruption has become endemic in South Africa. It undermines democracy and impacts negatively on service delivery, human and socio-economic development, job creation and public trust in government, as well as investor confidence in the country. Corruption manifests in all spheres of society and occurs in the public sector and in the private sector. Corruption, having permeated key institutions in both the public and private sector, poses a threat to national security, undermines the rule of law and institutions vital to ensuring the centrality of the state as a protector and promoter of the rights of its citizens. There is a need to unify anti-corruption efforts across sectors to address the scourge of corruption and to demonstrate the commitment of government, business and civil society to achieve the vision of the National Development Plan 2030 of a corruption-free South Africa, and a society in which key values, such as integrity, transparency and accountability, guide the actions and behaviour of its citizens. This requires the development, implementation and monitoring of a National Anti-Corruption Strategy (NACS).

South Africa is a signatory to various international conventions and treaties that commit the country to implementing a range of interventions aimed at reducing corruption. These conventions include the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (2003), the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development’s Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions (1997), the African Union’s Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption (2003), the Southern African Development Community’s Protocol against Corruption (2001), and the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime (2000) and its associated protocols. These place an obligation on South Africa to

This strategy was developed using the United Nations Guidelines, thus stakeholder engagement and public participation were crucial to ensure that input was obtained from as many different sectors and role players as possible, and that there will be broad ownership of the country’s anti-corruption strategy. Based on the whole-of-government and society approach as adopted by South Africa in 2014, the NACS development process entailed the following:

  • A literature review on corruption and international best practices in addressing the problem was undertaken to determine the scope and extent of the problem and to set a baseline of knowledge about historic and existing interventions. This is reflected in the NACS Diagnostic Report that was released in December 2016.
  • A conceptual framework, that initially proposed nine strategic pillars, was developed and launched as the NACS Discussion Document in May 2017. This launched the public consultation process and the discussion document formed the basis for the development of the strategy.
  • Public consultation occurred through national, and nine (9) provincial public participation workshops, which concluded in 2019.
  • A process of quality assurance and content refinement was undertaken through a multi-sectoral reference group that was constituted in September 2019.
  • Separate consultations were also held with stakeholders from Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) and the business sector to solicit their input and expectations regarding the content of this strategy.
  • Public input was encouraged through a communication campaign run by the Government Communication and Information System (GCIS). Members of the public, business and CSOs were invited to submit electronic input by means of a central e-mail address located at the Department of Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation (DPME).
  • The formal approval process was started in the course of 2020 when the Reference Group referred the draft NACS to government for processing. The Justice Crime Prevention and Security Cluster (JCPS) facilitated the approval process, whilst other clusters, political principals and the National Economic Development and Labour Council (NEDLAC) were also engaged and their comments incorporated.

This National Anti-Corruption Strategy provides a framework and action plan for the country as a whole and seeks to create a society in which:

  • Government’s administrative and procurement processes are reinforced to allow for greater monitoring, accountability and transparency.
  • The public is educated about what constitutes corruption and empowered to respond when or where it is noted.
  • The public and whistleblowers are encouraged to report corruption, are supported and adequately protected when doing so.
  • Public officials are held accountable for service delivery or the lack thereof.
  • The business sector and civil society organisations operate in a values-driven manner and are held accountable for corrupt practices.
  • There is a culture of zero tolerance towards corruption in any sector and full accountability for those involved in corruption.

The realisation of this strategy depends on the resolute political will of those who serve in public office, and ethical leadership in all sectors of society. It calls for all members of the public to take personal responsibility in preventing and addressing corruption and to work together, across political, socioeconomic and ideological divides, to build the democracy and achieve a corruption-free South Africa, as envisaged in the National Development Plan 2030.

The NACS is premised on the principle that there should be more emphasis on the prevention of corruption through good governance, transparency, integrity management and accountability in society, and early detection of potential corrupt practices to supplement the reactive measures executed by law enforcement agencies and other anti-corruption bodies in society. The whole-ofsociety and integrated approach to the fight against corruption will help mitigate the risk of costly commissions of inquiry, forensic investigations and other legal processes.